Companion Animal Newsletter Summer 2011
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Non-profit Organization US Postage PAID Stillwater, OK Permit #191 Oklahoma State University Office of Veterinary Extension 002 BVMTH Stillwater, OK 74078-2043 Address Service Requested Pet Care Seminar Dates and Topics The Oklahoma State University, Center for Veterinary Health Sciences Pet Care Seminar Series continues with seminars in Fall 2011 – 7:00 p.m. at Oklahoma State University, McElroy Hall, Stillwater, OK. Seminars are free and open to the public. Spring presentations include: C.A.N Companion Animal Newsletter l CVHS Center for Veterinary Health Sciences If you would like to receive a complimentary subscription to this newsletter or notification of the Pet Care Seminars, please contact our office at (405) 744 – 7672 or email@example.com Oklahoma State University in compliance with Title VI and VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Executive Order 11246 as amended, Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, and other federal laws and regulations, does not discriminate on the basis of race, color, national origin, sex, age, religion, disability, or status as a veteran in any of its policies, practices or procedures. This includes but is not limited to admissions, employment, financial aid, and educational services. Title IX of the Education Amendments and Oklahoma State University policy prohibit discrimination in the provision of services of benefits offered by the University based on gender. Any person (student, faculty or staff) who believes that discriminatory practices have been engaged in based upon gender may discuss their concerns and file informal or formal complaints of possible violations of Title IX with the OSU Title IX Coordinator, Director of Affirmative Action, 408 Whitehurst, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK 74078, 405.744.5371 or 405.744.5576 (fax). This publication, Job# 3572 issued by Oklahoma State University as authorized by the Department Head, Animal Sciences, was printed by Career Tech at a cost of $250.00 1.9M/Aug/11. September 6, 2011 — Dr. Paul DeMars — Yucky, Itchy Ears October 4, 2011 — Dr. Lara Sypniewski Vaccination Puzzle — What, When and How November 1, 2011 — Dr. Andrew Hanzlicek — Pet “Mid-Life Crisis” (health issues of the middle aged canine) Salmonellosis – People, Pets and Pet Products Toxic Blue-Green Algae Blooms New Veterinary Clincian Summer 2011 IN THIS ISSUE: Salmonellosis – People, Pets and Pet Products Recall of pet (dog, cat and ferret) products, including treats or chew items like pig ears and food (both wet and dry food), that could be contaminated with Salmonella has happened multiple times over the past couple of years. Salmonella are bacteria that can infect both pets eating a contaminated product and people handling the pet product or contacting the floor, bowl, or other surface cross-contaminated by the bacteria-containing food or treat. It is well known that salmonella can cause serious infections in people and pets especially young children (immune systems are still developing), seniors and people with compromised immune systems. Clinical signs of a salmonella infection in pets may include anorexia, lethargy, diarrhea (may be bloody), vomiting, abdominal pain and fever. Some pets may be infected and not show clinical signs, but can be carriers of the bacteria and infect humans or other animals. Salmonella can also infect people while handling pets that are shedding the bacteria or contaminated pet prod-ucts. Symptoms of illness in people infected with salmonella are similar to pets and may include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea (may be bloody), abdominal cramps, headache and fever. In addition, a couple weeks after the infection, some people develop Reiter’s Syndrome. Clinical signs of this syndrome may include arthritis, urinary tract problems (i.e. inflam-mation, infection and incontinence), eye problems (i.e. conjunctivitis, uveitis, and corneal inflammation), heart problems and skin rashes. It is important to know how to properly handle, store, and behave when handling pet treats, chews and foods to minimize the risk of becoming infected with salmonella. Below are recommendations by the National Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to help protect you and your pets. CDC. Salmonella Dry Pet Food and Treats. http://www.cdc. gov/Features/SalmonellaDryPetFood Purchase Tip Purchase products (canned or bagged food) with no visible signs of damage to the packaging, such as dents, tears, or discolorations. Preparation Tips Washing hands is the most impor-tant step to prevent illness. Wash your hands for 20 seconds with water and soap right after handling pet food, treats, and chew items especially before preparing, serving or eating food, drinking bever-ages, or preparing baby bottles. Preferably, people should feed their pet in areas other than the kitchen. Wash pet food bowls, dishes and scooping utensils with soap and hot CVHS l C.A.N Teaching Hospital Small Animal (405) 744 – 6731 Administration (405) 744 – 7000 Veterinary Extension (405) 744 – 7672 C.A.N Companion Animal Newsletter l CVHS Center for Veterinary Health Sciences water regularly. Avoid washing these items in the kitchen sink or bath-tubs to prevent cross-contamination. In households where there is no alternative, the sink area should be adequately sanitized after these items have been cleaned and removed. Infants should not be bathed in kitchen sinks because of the risk of cross-contamination. Do not use the pet’s feeding bowl as a scooping utensil – use a clean, dedicated scoop, spoon, or cup. Storage Tips All pet food, treats and chew items should not be handled or stored in areas where food for humans is prepared. If possible, store the dry pet products and in its original bag inside a clean, dedicated plastic container with a lid, keeping the top of the bag folded or closed. Promptly refrigerate or discard unused, leftover wet pet food and containers (e.g., cans, pouches). Refrigerating foods quickly prevents the growth of most harmful bacteria. Refrigerators should be set at 40 degrees F. The accuracy of the setting should be checked occasion-ally with a refrigerator thermometer. Dry pet food and treats should be stored in a cool, dry place under 80 degrees F. Pet Handling Tips After contact with animals, their food, or their environ-ments, wash your hands well with soap and running water. Clean up after your pet. If you have a cat, scoop the litter box daily and dispose of the stool in a tightly sealed plastic bag. If you have a dog, clean up the stool while on walks or from the yard daily and dispose of the stool in a tightly sealed plastic bag. Children younger than 5 years of age should not be allowed to touch or eat pet food, treats, or supple-ments and should be kept away from pet feeding areas. Young children are especially at risk for illness because their immune systems are still devel-oping and because they are more likely than others to put their fingers or other items into their mouths. More Information: • CDC’s, Healthy Pets Healthy People-http:// www.cdc.gov/healthypets • CDC, Multistate Outbreak of Human Salmonella Infections Caused by Contaminated Dry Dog Food — United States, 20006-2007 MMWR 2008 ; 57(19);521-524 • http://www.cdc.gov/Features/ SalmonellaDryPetFood • CDC, Update: Recall of Dry Dog and Cat Food Products Associ-ated with Human Salmonella Schwarzengrund Infections — United States, 2008 MMWR 2008 ; 57(44);1200-1202 • CDC Salmonella Dry Pet Food and Treats. http://www.cdc.gov/ Features/SalmonellaDryPetFood Toxic Blue-Green Algae Blooms Recently the Oklahoma Depart-ment of Environmental Quality (DEQ) and the Grand River Dam Authority (GRDA) confirmed the presence of Blue Green Algae (BGA), in Grand Lake. People, pets, and livestock should not be swimming in or drinking the water in affected water sources. Blue Green Algae (BGA) is a cyano-bacterium. BGA are microscopic organisms that live in all types of water. These bacteria have photo-synthetic capabilities. Nutrients, especially phosphorus and nitrogen, or manure (and sewage) runoff leads to eutrophication and accelerated algae growth. Blue-green algae grow quickly, or bloom, when the water is warm, slow-moving, and full of nutrients. Algae usually bloom during the summer and fall. However, they can bloom any time during the year. Most of the problems in Oklahoma do occur in the summer months, but some varieties actually prefer cold water and have occurred in the winter. When a bloom occurs it might appear like scum, skin or paint on the water’s surface. Blooms can be many different colors, from green or blue to red or brown. As the bloom dies off, you might smell an odor that is similar to rotting plants. Sometimes, blue-green algae produce toxins, such as micro-cystins. The toxins can be present in the algae or in the water. The toxin is released when the algae blooms. Clinical signs in people vary according to the type of exposure and may include: topical exposure – itchy red skin, blisters, hives; low oral doses – vomiting, abdominal, pain and diar-rhea and inhalation exposure – (respi-ratory signs) congestion, coughing, wheezing. In pets with exposure, clinical signs may include: lethargy, abdominal pain, diarrhea (may be bloody), vomiting, convulsions, diffi-culty breathing. If your pet displays these symptoms especially after being C.A.N Companion Animal Newsletter l CVHS Center for Veterinary Health Sciences C.A.N Companion Animal Newsletter l CVHS Center for Veterinary Health Sciences in contact with water such as ponds or lakes, call your veterinarian. Should your pet get in water with blue-green algae, immediately wash the animal with clean water and do not let them lick the algae on their hair. Consumption of higher amounts of the toxins associated with this algae can affect the liver and neuro-logical tissue and can cause sudden death. The term “Fast Death Factor” comes from finding the animals dead in the water or near it. The wind can actually blow the algae to one side, concentrating it, often looking like blue paint. Dogs generally have more severe symptoms than people, including collapse and sudden death after swallowing the contaminated water while swimming or after licking algae from their hair coat. There are no known antidotes to most of the toxins produced by the algae. Medical treatment is basically supportive care. To prevent a blue green algae (BGA) toxicity be aware of what a BGA bloom looks like and if you suspect a water source contains blue green algae, all animals and people should stay away until the bloom dissipates or the water has been treated with copper sulfate (as per label instruc-tions and only in private ponds). This may take several weeks since the copper sulfate also causes death of the algae and release of toxins. You cannot tell if a bloom is toxic just by looking at it. The algae can be identified at the Oklahoma Animal Disease Diagnostic Labora-tory by sending in a pint container of suspect water. The blooms will deteriorate, so fresh samples are best. To report a blue-green algae bloom or related health event: Call the Oklahoma Department of Environmental Quality Hotline number: 1-800.522.0206. Algae Identification: Okla-homa Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratory 405.744.6623 Sandra Morgan, DVM, Veterinary Toxicologist, Oklahoma Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratory Additional information: http//www.cdc.gov/hab/links.htm or http://www.kdheks.gov/algae-illness New OSU Veterinary Clinician – Small Animal Surgery Dr. Danielle Dugat is originally from Huntington Beach, California. She earned her Bachelor Degree in Animal Science from California State Polytechnic University in 2003 and her DVM from Oklahoma State Univer-sity in 2007. Following graduation, Dr. Dugat continued her training at Oklahoma State, completing a 1-year Small Animal Rotating Internship, a 3-year Small Animal Surgery Resi-dency and earned her Master Degree in Veterinary Biomedical Sciences. Dr. Dugat’s surgical interests include oncologic, reconstructive, and lapa-roscopic surgeries. In her spare time she enjoys spending time with her husband, Brent and stepson, Easton. Consultations and referrals can be made by contacting the Okla-homa State University Veterinary Teaching Hospital at 405.744.7000, or call The Referring Veterinarian toll free line at 1-866.654.7007.
|Okla State Agency||
Oklahoma State University
|Okla Agency Code||'010'|
|Title||Companion animal newsletter|
|Alternative title||Companion animal news; C.A.N. companion animal newsletter|
Oklahoma State University. Center for Veterinary health Sciences.
Oklahoma State University. College of Veterinary Medicine.
|Publisher||Oklahoma State University, College of Veterinary Medicine|
|Publication Date||2001; 2002; 2003; 2004; 2005; 2006; 2007; 2008; 2009; 2011|
|Serial holdings||Electronic holdings begin wtih 2001|
|Notes||title varies: C.A.N. companion animal newsletter|
|OkDocs Class#||Z2280.6 C736a|
|Digital Format||PDF, Adobe Reader required|
|ODL electronic copy||Downloaded from agency website: http://www.cvhs.okstate.edu/|
|Rights and Permissions||This Oklahoma state government publication is provided for educational purposes under U.S. copyright law. Other usage requires permission of copyright holders.|