Oklahoma Department of Mines
Title 45, Chapter 11
July 2012 Volume 13, Number 7
What are the heat related illnesses?
Heat Stroke is a life-threatening emergency where the body temperature rises quickly.
o Hot, dry skin, high body temperature, rapid pulse
o Confusion, delirium, dizziness or loss of consciousness
o Seizures or convulsions
Heat Exhaustion can precede heat stroke and includes cramps plus the following:
o Pale sweaty skin
o Weakness or fatigue
o Headache, nausea, and/or dizziness
o Fast weak pulse and fast shallow breathing
Heat Cramps are severe cramping of muscles because of dehydration usually while exercising in the heat.
Heat Rash is skin irritation caused by excessive sweating.
What can I do to prevent Heat Related injuries?
Drink lots of fluids, especially water. Keep cold water with you whenever you are outside. Talk to your doctor about how much to drink if you must limit liquids.
Be sure to replace salt either by eating something salty or drinking some (not all) of your liquids as sports drinks. Talk to you doctor if you must limit salt.
Wear light weight, light colored, loose fitting clothing.
Limit outside activities to morning before noon and evening after 6pm and stay in shade as much as possible
What NOT to do in the extreme heat!
Avoid hot foods and heavy meals. Eat more frequent, smaller meals.
Avoid caffeinated, sugary drinks and alcohol as they can increase water loss.
Never take a cool shower immediately after becoming overheated.
HEAT ILLNESSES CAN KILL. PREVENTION AND RAPID RESPONSE ARE CRITICAL